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区块链相关术语(中英对照)大全

区块链相关术语(中英对照)大全
说明:阅读英文文档是编程开发过程中最常做的一件事,英文阅读也是一个程序员的基本能力。区块链刚刚起步,每天各种新概念层出不穷,为方便大家学习和使用。English中文account lev

说明:阅读英文文档是编程开发过程中最常做的一件事,英文阅读也是一个程序员的基本能力。区块链刚刚起步,每天各种新概念层出不穷,为方便大家学习和使用。

English中文account level(multiaccountstructure)账户等级(多账户结构)accounts账户adding blocks to增加区块至addition operator加法操作符addr message地址消息Advanced Encryption Standard(AES)高级加密标准(AES)aggregating聚合aggregating into blocks聚集至区块alert messages警告信息altchains竞争币区块链altcoins竞争币AML反洗钱anonymity focused匿名的antshares小蚁appcoins应用币API应用程序接口App Coins应用币architecture架构assembling集合attacks攻击attack vectors攻击向量Autonomous Decentralized Peer-to-Peer Telemetry去中心化的 p2p 自动遥测系统auxiliary blockchain辅链authentication path认证路径B
backing up备份balanced trees平衡树balances余额bandwidth带宽Base58 Check encodingBase58Check编码Base58 encodingBase58编码Base-64 representationBase-64表示BFT(Byzantine Fault Tolerance)拜占庭容错binary hash tree二叉哈希树BIP0038 encryptionBIP0038加密标准bitcoin addressesvs.比特币地址与bitcoin core engine比特币核心引擎或网络bitcoin ledger比特币账目bitcoin network比特币网络Bitcoin Network Deficit比特币网络赤字Bitcoin Miners比特币矿工Bitcoin mixing services混币服务Bitcoin source code比特币源码BitLicense数字货币许可BIP152比特币改进提议Bitmain比特大陆Bitmessage比特信BITNET币联网Bitshares比特股BitTorrent文件分享Blake algorithmBlake算法block chain apps区块链应用block generation rate出块速度block hash区块散列值block header hash区块头散列值block headers区块头block height区块高度blockmeta区块元block templates区块模板blockchains区块链bloom filtersand布鲁姆过滤器(bloom过滤器)BOINC open grid computingBOINC开放式网格计算brain wallet脑钱包broad casting to network全网广播broad casting transactions to广播交易到bytes字节Byzantine fault-tolerant拜占庭容错C
call调用CCVM(Cross Chain Virtual Machine)跨链交易的虚拟机centralized control中心化控制chaining transactions交易链条chainwork区块链上工作量总值Check Block function(Bitcoin Coreclient)区块检查功能(BitcoinCore客户端)CHECKMULTISIG implementationCHECKMULTISIG实现CheckSequenceVerify (CSV)检查序列验证/CSVchecksum校验和child key derivation(CKD) function子密钥导出(CKD)函数child private keys子私钥Child Pays For Parent,CPFP父子支付方案coinbase reward calculatingcoinbase奖励计算coinbase rewardscoinbase奖励coinbase transactioncoinbase交易cold-storage wallets冷钱包Compact block致密区块Compact block relay致密区块中继colored coins彩色币compressed keys压缩钥compressed private keys压缩格式私钥compressed public keys压缩格式公钥computing power算力connections连接consensus共识Consensus Ledger共识账本consensus attacks一致性功能攻击consensus innovation一致性的创新consensus plugin共识算法Confidential Transactions保密交易constant常数constructing建造constructing block headers with通过…构造区块头部converting compressed keys to将压缩地址转换为converting to bitcoin addresses转换为比特币地址conversion fee兑换费用consortium blockchains共同体区块链counterparty protocol合约方协议Counterparty合约币creating full blockchains on建立全节点于creating on nodes在节点上新建crypto community加密社区crypto 2.0 ecosystem加密2.0生态系统cryptocurrency加密货币Cunning hamprime chains坎宁安素数链currency creation货币创造D
Darkcoin暗黑币(译者注:现已更名为达世币Dash)data structure数据结构DAO(Decentralized Autonomous Organization)去中心化自治组织Debt Token债权代币decentralized去中心化decentralized consensus去中心化共识decentralised applications去中心化应用decentralised platform去中心化平台decoding Base58Check to/from hexBase58Check编码与16进制的相互转换decoding to hex解码为16进制deep web深网Decode Raw Transaction解码原始交易deflationary money通缩货币delegated proof of stake授权股权证明机制demurrage currency滞期费denial of service attack拒绝服务攻击detached block分离块deterministic wallets确定性钱包DEX :distributed exchange去中心化交易所difficulty bits难度位difficulty retargeting难度调整difficulty targets难度目标digital notary services数字公正服务digital currency数字货币distributed hash table分布式哈希表Distributed Autonomous Corporations Runtime System(DACRS)自治系统运行环境Distributed Ledger Technology(DLT)分布式账簿技术domain name service(DNS)域名服务(DNS)double-spend attack双重支付攻击double spend双花Dogecoin狗狗币DoS(denial of service) attack拒绝服务攻击DPOS权益代表证明机制/DPOS算法(POS基础上的改良)dual-purpose双重目标dual-purpose mining双重目的挖矿dust rule尘额规则(极其小的余额)E
eavesdroppers窃听者ecommerce servers keys for…电子商务服务器…的密钥ECDSA椭圆曲线数字签名算法保障Eigentrust++ for nodes用于节点的Eigentrust++技术electricity cost电力成本electricity cost and target difficulty电力消耗与目标难度Electrum walletElectrum 钱包ellipticcurve multiplication椭圆曲线乘法Emercoin(EMC)崛起币encoding/decoding from Base58Check依据Base58Check编码/解码encrypted加密encrypted private keys加密私钥Equity Token权益代币Ethereum以太坊External owned account(EOA)外有账户ether以太币extended key扩展密钥extra nonce solutions添加额外nonce的方式extraBalance附加余额F
Factom公证通fault tolerance外加容错Feathercoin羽毛币fees手续费FRN快速中继网络FBRP快速区块中继协议FEC向前纠错field programma blegatearray(FPGA)现场可编程门阵列(FPGA)Financial disintermediation金融脱媒fintech金融技术fork attack分叉攻击forks分叉fraud proofs欺诈证明full nodes完整节点;全节点G
generating生成generation transaction区块创始交易generator point生成点genesis block创始区块GetBlock Template(GBT)mining protocolGetBlockTemplate(GBT)挖矿协议gettingon SPV nodes获取SPV节点GetWork(GWK) mining protocolGetWork(GWK)挖矿协议graphical processing units(GPUs)图形处理单元(GPUs)GUID全域唯一识别元H
hackers黑客halving减半hardware wallets硬件钱包hard fork硬分叉hard limit硬限制hash哈希值Hardware Security Modules(HSM)硬件安全模块hashing powerand哈希算力hashcash现金算法HD wallet system分层确定性钱包系统header hash头部散列值heavyweight wallet重量级钱包Hierarchy deterministic分层确定的honesty诚信算力hyperledger超级账本human readable format人类可读模式I
identifiers标识符immutability of blockchai区块链不可更改性implementing in Python由Python实现in block header在区块的头部independent verificatio独立验证innovation创新inputs输入Internet of Things物联网instamine偷挖Invertible Bloom Lookup Table(IBLT)可逆式布鲁姆查找表Invalid Numerical Value无效数值IPDB星际数据库K
key formats密钥格式key-value键值KYC了解你的客户L
Level DB database(Google)LevelDB数据库(Google)light weight轻量级linking blocks to…将区块连接至…linking to blockchain连接至区块链Lightning network闪电网络linear scale线性尺度Litecoin莱特币lock time锁定时间locking scripts锁定脚本log scale对数单位M
mainnet主网managed pools托管池mastercoin protocol万事达币协议masternode主节点memorypool(mempool)内存池Merkle tree(Merkle Hash tree)二进制的哈希树或者二叉哈希树Merkle root二进制哈希树根metachains附生块链mining挖矿mining blocks successfully成功产(挖)出区块mining pools矿池mining rigs矿机micropayment小额支付microblocks微区块modifying private key formats修改密钥格式monetary parameter alternatives货币参数替代物Moore’s Law摩尔定律Moonpledge月球之誓MPC多方计算multi account structure多重账户结构multi-hop network多跳网络multi-signature多重签名multi-signature addresse多重签名地址multi-signature addresses多重签名地址multi-signature scripts多重签名脚本multi-signatureaccount多重签名账户N
Namecoin域名币native token原生代币navigating导航Network Propagation网络传播算法Network of marketplaces市场网络Nextcoin(NXT)未来币NeoscryptN算法nested subchains嵌套子链NFC(Near Field Communication)非接触式NIST5NIST5是一种新算法,由TalkCoin首创nodes节点nonce随机数noncurrency非货币nondeterministic wallets非确定性的O
off-chain链下on full nodes在全节点上on new nodes在新节点上on SPV nodes在SPV节点on the bitcoin network在比特币网络中one-hop network单跳网络OP_RETURN operatorOP_RETURN操作符OpenSSL cryptographiclibraryOpenSSL密码库open source of bitcoin比特币的开源性open transaction(OT)开放交易orphan block孤儿块Oracles价值中介OWAS单向聚合签名OTC(over the counter)场外交易outputs输出P
P2P PoolP2Pool(一种点对点方式的矿池)parent blocks父区块parent blockchain主链paths for路径Pay to script hash (P2SH)P2SH代码;脚本哈希支付方式payment channel支付通道P2SH addressP2SH地址;脚本哈希支付地址peer-to-peer networksP2P网络physical bitcoin storage比特币物理存储PIN-verification芯片密码plot/chunks of data完整数据块pool operator of mining pools矿池运营方post-trade交易后post-trade processing交易后处理POI: proof of importance重要性证明( NEM提出来的一种共识算法)Ppcoin点点币Premine预挖priority of transactions交易优先级Primecoin素数币proof of stake权益证明proof of work工作量证明proof-of-work algorithm工作量证明算法proof-of-work chain工作量证明链propagating transactions on交易广播protein folding algorithms蛋白质折叠算法public child key derivation公钥子钥派生public key derivation公钥推导publickeys公钥public blockchain/permissionless blockchain公链private blockchain/permissioned blockchain私链pump and bump拉升出货purpose level(multiaccount structure)目标层(多帐户结构)Python ECDSA libraryPythonECDSA库R
random随机random wallets随机钱包raw value原始价格reentrancy可重入性regtech监管技术replay attacks重放攻击RBF:Replace By Fee费用替代方案retargeting切换目标recursive call递归调用RIPEMD160RIPEMD160一种算法Ripple瑞波币risk balancing适度安保risk diversifying分散风险root of trust可信根root seeds根种子S
sandbox沙箱satoshis中本聪scoops/4096 portions子数据块scriptcons truction脚本构建scriptl anguage for脚本语言Scriptlanguage脚本语言scripts脚本scrypt algorithmscrypt算法scrypt-N algorithmscrypt-N算法Secure Hash Algorithm(SHA)安全散列算法security安全security thresholds安全阈值seed nodes种子节点seeded种子seeded wallets种子钱包selecting选择soft limit软限制Segregated Witness(SegWit)隔离见证SHA256SHA256SHA3 algorithmSHA3算法Shared Permission Blockchain共享认证型区块链shibes狗狗币粉丝shopping carts public keys购物车公钥simplified payment verification (SPV) nodes简易支付验证(SPV)节点simplified payment verification(SPV)wallet轻钱包sidechain侧链signature operations(sigops)处理签名操作signature aggregation签名集合Skein algorithmSkein算法smart pool机枪池smart contracts智能合约solo mining单机挖矿solo miners独立矿工soft fork软分叉spilt分割Stellar恒星币stateless verification of transactions交易状态验证statelessness无状态state machine replication状态机原理storage存储Stratum(STM)mining protocolStratum挖矿协议structure of的结构sx toolssx工具syncing the blockchain同步区块链system security系统安全Subchains子链T
taking off blockchain从区块链中删除tainted address被污染的地址taint Analysis污点分析TeleHashp2p信息发送系统timeline时间轴timestamping blocks带时间戳的区块txids缩短交易标识符token代币token system代币系统token-less blockchain无代币区块链=私链transaction fees交易费;矿工费transaction pools交易池transaction processing交易处理transaction validation交易验证transactions independent verification独立验证交易transaction malleability交易延展性tree structure树结构Trezor walletTrezor钱包Turing Complete图灵完备two-factor authentication双因素认证tx messagestx消息Type-0 nondeterministic wallet原始随机钱包U
uncompressed keys解密钥unconfirmed transactions未确认交易unspent outputs未花费输出user security用户安全性User Token用户代币UTXO poolUTXO池UTXO setUTXO集合UTXOs未交易输出V
validating new blocks验证新区块validation验证条件validation(transaction)校验(交易)vanity靓号vanity addresses靓号地址vanity-miners靓号挖掘程序verification验证verification criteria验证条件version message版本信息Visualise Transaction可视化交易W
Wallet Import Format(WIF)钱包导入格wallets钱包white hat attack白帽攻击weak blocks弱区块whitelist白名单wildcard通配符X
Xthin极瘦区块XRP (Ripple)瑞波币Z
zero knowledge proof零知识证明zero codehash零代码哈希Zerocoin protocol零币协议


BTC

BTC是比特币常用的货币单位。如同美元用USD或者$表示,比特币用BTC或者B⃦表示。

比特币

比特币的英文名Bitcoin,在首字母大写时,代表比特币的概念或指代整个比特币网络本身。例如:“今天我学了些有关Bitcoin协议的内容。”而没有大写的bitcoin,则用作一个记帐的单位 。例如:“我今天转出了10个bitcoin。”

比特币地址

一个比特币地址就像是一个物理地址或一个电子邮件地址。别人用比特币付款给你时,它是你所需要提供的唯一信息。

对等式网络

对等式网络是指,通过允许单个节点与其他节点直接交互,从而实现整个系统像有组织的集体一样运作的系统 。对于比特币来说,比特币网络以这样一种方式构建——每个用户都在传播其他 用户的交易。而且重要的是,不需要银行作为第三方。

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